In Phase 5 children are introduced to new graphemes for reading. Some of these graphemes represent phonemes (sounds) that they have already learnt a grapheme for. For example, in Phase 3 children were taught 'ai' as the grapheme for the phoneme /a/ (as in rain). In Phase 5, children are taught that the phoneme /a/ can also be represented by the graphemes 'ay' (as in play) or 'a-e' (as in make). This variation needs to be taught as it is common in our language system.
The new graphemes taught in Phase 5 are:
Click on each grapheme to download a set of A5 flashcards showing words containing it (your child can practise reading these).
The resources in this section could be used to support children with spelling across all Phases of Letters and Sounds. In school, we use a system called 'look / say / cover / write / check' to help children learn their spellings. Some of the resources below help support this.